Top 10 Programming languages you should use Competitive Programming

For the longest, programming has been considered a complex part of learning the insides of a computer. Few people could be called professional programmers who also needed to grind a lot for proper coding skills. Fast forward to this day, nearly every IT company is powered by programming and coders. Coding has become an essential skill to live a good life as a software engineer, database administrator, frontend and backend developer and many more job roles like this. If you are wondering how many types of programming languages there are, a recent study revealed that there are over 300 different types of programming languages currently used by different people for various tasks.

For an excellent career start and boost, coding and job roles of developers is a prospective one. However, you must be confused about the one to start with or choose as a profession. Before you select the programming language you would take up as a career option, you must conduct thorough research on that particular language. The difficulty level, the prerequisite knowledge you have, and the market prospect of that language are some of the most critical factors you would need to consider.

While some of the top IT giants provide high-end certification courses, both paid and free, Aceinfosol is one of the best online coding platforms. They give you extensive courses on various programming languages and specific training programs.

Before we go through the top programming languages in the world you can start learning with, we will take a deeper look into what a programming language is, the languages most used globally and in India, and the difference between programming and scripting languages and much more.

What is a Programming Language?

In simple words, a programming language is a method through which programmers or developers communicate directly with computers through specific parts of codes understood precisely by computers. Programming languages are made up of rules where specific values (high-level language values) are converted to machine-level language. A particular machine code is generated, which is understood by the computer for performing a task.

There are many types of programming languages, some are used widely, while some are used for specific reasons. They all power a basic set of codes through which the computer performs particular tasks.

Most Used Programming Language in the World

As per a recent survey, JavaScript is the most used programming language in the world, with a whopping 69.7% usage. HTML and CSS follow JavaScript at 62.4%, SQL (Structured Query Language) at 59.6% and Python at 41.6%.

Most Used Programming Language in India

Python is the most in-demand programming language currently in India. Python is followed by Java, Kotlin, JavaScript, C++ and finally SQL, used for database management.

While every programming language serves a specific purpose, most regions worldwide have different development requirements. Hence the world default slightly differs from particular countries.

Difference Between Programming Languages and Script Languages

Programming Languages Scripting Languages
 A programming language is a method that humans use to communicate with the computer.
A scripting language is a simple method that brings code to a runtime environment for execution.
They are of three basic types:
1.Low-level language
2.Middle-level language
3.High-level language
No specific types and is made for a particular runtime environment.
These are used to write computer programs.
These are used to create interactive web applications.
 Extremely efficient and high-speed languages.
They are considerably complex due to various libraries.
These languages do not require any translation to the computer system.
Scripting languages can be ported across different operating systems through effective translation.
Programming languages can execute themselves.
Scripting languages require professional hosts for execution.
 Most programming languages are of the compiled category.
Most scripting languages are of the interpreted category.
All programming languages are not scripting languages.
 All scripting languages are scripting languages.
Ex- Java, PHP, C++, etc.
Ex- Python, Ruby, Bash, etc.

Top 10 Programming Languages for Beginners

While there are various programming languages that you can learn, here we have listed the top 10. These are the most helpful and industry-specific programming languages. Hence learning these as a beginner can give you an excellent head start on your coding career

1. Javascript

Javascript forms one of the core coding languages for website development on the world wide web and is one of the top programming languages in the world. It is a high-level language and is used as a client-side programming language. Most websites use this language for professional website development. Initially, Javascript was a web page development language. But these days, it is used for server-side website development and non-web applications too.

Initially known as LiveScript, it was created in 1995. This programming language was created based on the concept of Java, hence the name. It is a highly demanded programming language around the world these days. If you are wondering which programming language does PHP resemble to, this is the one.

It has many benefits with minimum prerequisites like knowing languages like HTML and CSS.

● Easy to know and implement thereby.

● Commonly used across the web.

● Instant execution capabilities on client-side web browsers.

● Reduces the demand load on the websites.

2. Python

Python is by far one of the most popular programming languages in the world right now. It is highly readable, and the easy codes make it easier for beginners to start with this. As a whole, it is a free, open-source coding language that has extensive module support and libraries. The immense community development system makes it even more favourable. Moreover, it has a user-friendly GUI alongside integrations with major website development processes.

Machine learning and deep learning are two of the most common fields where Python is used widely. Video game creation, scientific calculations and complex mathematical computations are some of the common uses of Python.

With no prerequisite coding knowledge, one can quickly start learning Python. You can earn the following benefits from Python.

  • Highly flexible and compatible programming language.
  • Easy to use and read.
  • Completely scripted language.

3. Java

Java is a prevalent language and one of the oldest programming languages owned by Oracle Corporation. Java works as a standard coding language irrespective of the platform. Java is a highly portable language and can run on any device.

Big data is the current largest customer of Java, alongside web and mobile application development. Java has also been extensively used for backend development for major IT systems. Java has an extensive community of coders, where you can learn various points about the language. Although it is a complex language to grasp, it has high prospects in the market.

With minimal prerequisite knowledge, here are the benefits of Java.

● As a beginner, learning Java provides professional exposure to coding.

● It can be used to manipulate and handle major computational processes like graphics, system management and operating systems.

4. Kotlin

Just like Python, Kotlin is a general-purpose programming language too. However, it is integrated into Java and works based on its framework. Kotlin was first released in 2011 by JetBrains.

Kotlin is a development programming language that powers web development, mobile app development, desktop application development and much more. Kotlin is believed to have a better and more advanced framework than Java. Most Google applications are built through the Kotlin framework.

If you have prior experience in testing Java, Kotlin is an easy head start. Here are some of its benefits.

● Less heavy than Java regarding coding terms.

● Relatively easier than the core Java framework.

● Highly and entirely compatible to work with Java.

5. PHP

If there is a more common language after Javascript for website development, it is PHP. It was created in 1990, and since then, it has been widely used for website development.

PHP is mainly used for writing extensive server-side scripts. However, PHP can also be used for writing command-line scripts alongside developing professional desktop applications. Again, PHP’s online community support for queries and ideas is vast.

With minimal knowledge about programming languages, programmers can quickly start learning PHP. Here are the benefits you would get from learning PHP.

● It is an open-source platform which means free usage.

● It is highly compatible across all devices.

● The newest versions of PHP come with extensive database connectivity.

6.C and C++

C is probably the oldest programming language that is still under wide usage. C forms the parent programming framework for many programming languages like Java, Javascript, C# and many more. As the methods of C were found to be a bit backdated, C++ was created as a more advanced version. While many beginners skip learning C and jump straight to C++, many still believe that learning C would help them better grasp C++.

Applications and processes made through these languages are highly compatible and transportable across various devices, irrespective of their specifications. Since they are primitive forms of programming languages, they are highly efficient and performance-centric. They can solve critical issues with client-server applications and develop across multiple platforms.

With minimal requirements to start, C and C++ are both relatively easy to learn. Here are some of the benefits of C and C++.

  • C forms the fundamental programming language. Having a good knowledge of C can help you with all other languages.
  • C++ is easy to compile and provides better control than other languages commonly used.


Ruby is a considerably simpler language for a beginner than any other mentioned earlier. Ruby was introduced in 1990 and is based on a human-friendly syntaxial system and can be used through the object-oriented programming language framework. It is highly compatible to support procedural and functional programming methods.

Ruby is famous for its ease of writing and the minimal time required for learning. Over the years, these attributes have helped Ruby gain popularity among developers.

Abstract thinking capabilities can help you big-time when new to Ruby. However, learning Ruby comes with added benefits.

  • Highly flexible language.
  • The syntax is relatively easy to read and write for humans.
  • Enforces a professional coding approach.


C# was created by Microsoft and launched in the early 2000s. According to popular belief, it is mainly based on the C++ framework and resembles its methods more than that of Java. However, it is one of the most widely used programming languages on the .NET framework.

C# is mainly used for backend development processes and is primarily compatible with Windows, iOS and Android devices.

Here are some benefits of learning C#.

● Fast and easy-to-use interface.

● Open-source programming language.

● Extensive and highly interactive libraries.


Matlab is yet another primitive programming language released by MathWorks in the 1980s. It is mainly used by engineers and scientists for deep learning, AI and ML work. Matlab extensively analyzes given data, creates algorithms and verifies research work based on codes. This is quite an exciting and easy language to learn due to the maximum usage of algorithms.

Here are some benefits of Matlab.

  • Easily debugged for codes and algorithms.
  • Extensive data analysis and verification methods.
  • Simple to learn and implement.

10. TypeScript

Typescript is relatively a new language to the coding world, released in 2012 by Microsoft. It is a code base version of Javascript and is used for both server-side and client-side development based on the Javascript concept.

This language is powered to indicate errors and systematic issues in Javascript codes. It is a rising language and holds potential. This language also comes with these benefits.

● Easy to use for large-scale projects.

● Extensive support from the GitHub community.

● Javascript development processes are made efficient.


Coding holds a significant future in the development of businesses and organizations. It has taken a giant leap in the past couple of decades. The number of developers or programmers has increased substantially since then. To match that speed, employment opportunities across the globe have increased, with more programmers recruited annually across different industries.

Hence, learning programming languages can bring significant benefits and attractive career opportunities.

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